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113- خبر 6

بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم

سلام. حالتون؟ احوالتون؟

تا حالا واسه اینکه متفاوت باشید یا اینکه بخواهید ثابت کنید متفاوت هستید چه کرده اید؟یا چه هزینه هایی را پرداخت کرده اید؟ یا تا به حال نشنیده اید بقیه افراد چه بهایی را برای متفاوت بودن پرداخت کرده اند؟

یا اصلا یه سوال دیگه. تو چه چیزهایی باید متفاوت بود؟ یا میشه متفاوت بود؟

خبری که امروز می خونیم یه چیز ساختگی نیست. یه مطلب واقعی است از ستاره های سینما که چه ها نمی کنند که بگند من متفاوتم.

خبر را به صورت چند پاراگراف خدمتتون ارایه می کنم . و بعد از هر پاراگراف کلماتی که شاید یه مقداری سخت باشه را معنی می کنم. اما انگلیسی. اما آخر سر معنی فارسی را هم میگم. آخر مطلب.

1. Who hasn’t heard a celebrity baby name and said: “What were they thinking?” Hollywood headliners have a knack for choosing wild names. We all remember Gwyneth Paltrow’s Apple, Penn Jillette’s Moxie Crimefighter, and Jason Lee’s Pilot Inspektor (arguably the craziest of the crazy names).

a) celebrity: someone who is famous, especially in the entertainment business

b) headliner: the main performer

c) have a knack for sth: a skill or an ability to do something easily and well

2. And maybe that’s the point. A truly unique name says "my baby is one-of-a kind" like nothing else can.

a) unique: being the only existing one of its type or, more generally, unusual or special in some way

b) one-of-a kind: to be very unusual and special

3. “Celebrities live in an alternate universe from the rest of us. They’re creative and enjoy the attention the spotlight brings. By choosing unusual names, they’re saying something about themselves and what they want for their children,” says Linda Murray, editor in chief of BabyCenter.

a) alternate: describes things that are considered to be unusual

4. So who were the winners and losers in this year’s celebrity baby-naming competition? BabyCenter asked 2,000 moms to vote on the best and worst celebrity names of the year and the results are in.

a) competition: when someone is trying to win something or be more successful than someone else


5. Chef Jamie Oliver takes the prize for wackiest name of the year with Buddy Bear Maurice, while actor Mark Wahlberg wins the popularity contest with the classic Grace Margaret.

a) Wacky: unusual in a pleasing and exciting or silly way

6. Craziest Celebrity Baby Names of 2010


1. Buddy Bear Maurice (Jamie Oliver & Juliette Norton)
2. Egypt Daoud (Alicia Keys & Kaseem Dean, aka Swizz Beatz)
3. Cosima Violet (Claudia Schiffer & Matthew Vaughn)
4. Axel (Will Ferrell & Viveca Paulin)
5. Krishna Thea (Padma Lakshmi)

a) aka:  abbreviation for also known as: used when someone has another name

7. Favorite Celebrity Baby Names of 2010

1. Grace Margaret (Mark Wahlberg & Rhea Durham)
2. Harper Grace (Neil Patrick Harris & David Burtka)
3. Aviana Olea (Amy Adams & Darren Legallo)
4. Olivia Marie (Lance Armstrong & Anna Hansen)
5. Bryn (Bethenny Frankel & Jason Hoppy)

109-لغت

بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم

سلام. در ادامه مبحث شماره 107 , 108 امروز بخش دوم کلمات را خدمتتون می نویسم. ان شاءالله جوابش باشه واسه شنبه. فعلا.

(At a school, college, or university) A staff meeting has been called for two o'clock.

In my opinion, the best time of the year is autumn.

The automobile company's first attempt to design a family saloon that ran on diesel was a

resounding failure.

The campus has a shop where students can buy stationery and essential items.

Government spending on defence was reduced by 23%.

He gave me just enough money to buy a return bus ticket to Portland.

He's a graduate of Berkeley College.

These days it is not unusual to see children as young as five carrying a mobile phone to school.

The postcode for the company is MA 04532.

Classes start at nine o'clock every morning Monday to Friday.

There are several museums and galleries in the city, but most students prefer to spend their evenings at the cinema

Have you got any change for a $20 note?

Strict labour laws have had an adverse effect on small businesses.

108-لغت

بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم

سلام. با عرض معذرت امروز تصمیم دارم اول جواب سوالات روز قبل را خدمتتون بگم و ان شاءالله فردا بخش دوم کلمات را براتون می نویسم. یا حق

Interval: intermission

Again: over (in the context of repeating something completely only. In other contexts, again is used in the same way as it is used in British English)

Post: mail

Recognize: recognize (note that in British English, this word can be spelt recognise or recognize)

Theatre: theater

Subway: underpass

Petrol: gas

Lift: elevator

Estate agent: realtor

Main road: highway

Rise: raise

Break: recess

Bloke: guy

107-لغت

بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم

سلام. یکی از مسائلی که گاهی اوقات برای افرادی که تازه شروع بکار کرده اند این مسئله American  و British بودن است. تفاوتهای این دو در تلفظ هست در دیکته کلمه هست بعضی وقتها توی گرامر هم تفاوتهای جزئی دارند. اما مطلب امروز ما در مورد تفاوتهای دو نسخه American  و British  در بعضی کلمات است که در American  بعضی از کلمات با نسخه British کاملا فرق دارند. میگم فرق منظورم اینه که مفهوم مورد نظر یکی است، روش نامگذاری و خطابش متفاوت است.

در ادامه یه سری کلمه خدمتتون عرض می کنم که اینها همه British است. فکر کنید ببینید یادتون میاد نسخه American چطوریه؟ این مطلب درسه بخش خدمتتان عرضه می شه. یا حق

The play is in two acts, with a short interval between the two.

If you make a mistake in your calculations, you'll need to do them again.

The post normally arrives before lunchtime.

The government refused to recognise the new republic.

The theatre received an unexpected grant which helped to prevent it closing down.

The road outside the school is very busy, so students are advised to use the subway to cross it.

The oil crisis resulted in a 28% rise in the cost of petrol.

Take the lift to the top floor.

Estate agents are some of the most unscrupulous people in the country.

The M40 is closed, so you will need to take the A40, which is the main road connecting London

with Oxford.

Their request for a $2 rise in the hourly rate was firmly rejected by the management.

The workshop will last for 6 hours, with a break for lunch at midday.

(Informal) I really like Mr. Goldberg. He's a great bloke.

106-تافل

بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم

سلام. امروز جواب ده تا سوالی که دیروز خدمتتان عرض کردم را می نویسم. امیدوارم حل کرده باشید و امروز فقط جوابتان را بررسی کنید. البته معلوم است که بعضی وقتها بیشتر از یه پاسخ صحیح هست. سوالی بود بفرمایید.به توضیح سوال 10 هم توجه خاص داشته باشید. یا حق

1. Furthermore / Moreover / In addition / What's more (this is less formal than the other expressions)   

2. As well as / Besides    

3. Likewise / Similarly / In the same way (the verbs in both sentences – i.e., respect – are the same and refer to the same thing, so we can use a word of equation here)

4. As well as / Along with

5. In addition

6. Likewise / Similarly

7. Likewise / In the same way / Correspondingly

8. In brief

9. It can be concluded that

10. Therefore (To sum up, To conclude and To summarize are usually used to conclude longer pieces of writing – e.g., at the end of an essay. Thus is slightly more formal than therefore, but has the same meaning)

105- تافل

بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم

سلام.وقت نیک. با توجه به کلماتی که تو دو روز پیش خوندیم باید جملات زیر را کامل کنیم. فقط به تمام جملات دقت کنید. به رابطه ای که بین جمله اول و دوم در هر شماره هست حتما دقت کنید. یا حق

1. Tourism brings much needed money to developing countries. ______________, it provides employment for the local population.

2.  ______________ bringing much needed money to developing countries, tourism provides employment for the local population.

3. Tourists should respect the local environment. ______________ they should respect the local customs.

4. ______________ industrial waste, pollution from car fumes is poisoning the environment.

5. In order to travel, you need a passport. ______________, you might need a visa, immunization shots, and written permission to visit certain areas.

6. Drugs are banned in Britain. ______________ weapons such as guns and knives.

7. All power corrupts. ______________, absolute power corrupts absolutely.

8. You shouldn't smoke, drink, take drugs, or eat unhealthy food. ______________, you should live a more healthy lifestyle.

9. The ozone layer is becoming depleted, the air in the cities is becoming too dirty to breathe, and our seas and rivers are no longer safe to swim in. ______________ pollution is slowly destroying the planet.

10. Your grades have been very poor all year. ______________ you need to work really hard if you want to pass your exams next month.

99-1100: Second Week/Third Day

بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم

سلام و صبح پنج شنبه همگی بخیر. شکر خدا من هم خوبم. هوا هم خوبه. دم صبح یکمی سرد هست که بفهمی زمستون تو راهه.آب زاینده رود هم می گن خوبه. من که جمعه گذشته رفتم و جای همتون خالی. جدا صدای آب صدای حیات. امروز کلمه داریم. کلمات کتاب 1100 هفته دوم. روز سوم. چند وقت پیش رفته بودم جنگل. بله کتابفروشی جنگل. حدودا چهار تا ترجمه از این کتاب موجود بود. یاد یه خاطره افتادم. سال 85 یا 84 بود که بدجور کرمم گرفته بود که کتابی ترجمه کنم و ... . دنبالش رفتم. کتاب را انتخاب کردم. بعد با چند تا ناشر صحبت کردم. یکیشون که آدم خیلی جالبی بود گفت چون شما تازه کار هستید کتاب شما را کسی زیاد نمی خره واسه همین ریسکش زیاده. در نتیجه خودت پولش را بده ما برات چاپ می کنیم اگر خوب فروش رفت کتابهای بعدی و چاپهای بعدی حق ترجمه را بهتون پرداخت می کنیم. در ادامه گفت زیاد هم خودت به زحمت ننداز. ( اون موقع کتاب" کی پنیر منو برداشته" تو بورس بود) . همین کتاب را بردار. یه دونه " از " را تبدیل به " به " کن و اسم خودت را بزار روی کتاب. گفت خیلی از اینها هم همین کار را کرده اند.

قصد توهین به مترجمهای محترم را ندارم. چون اونهایی که مترجم هستند خودشون درک می کنند اونهایی هم که نیستند هارت و پورت می کنند. این هم" از کرامات شیخ ما /مشت را وا کرد و گفت یه وجب" باز هم نقل قول از جناب آقای پروفسور تحریریان. ایشان خودشان بی اطلاع هستند اما من واقعا شیفته اخلاق و منش و خضوع ایشان هستم. به قولی" استاد دوست داریم". بگذریم از این خاله شادونه بازیها.

هفته دوم روز سوم:

New Words

1. Pretextبهانه، عذر، دستاویز:   excuse, cause, con, ploy, ruse, grounds

2. Fabricateجعل کردن، تقلید کردن، سر هم کردن، بافتن :  invent, fake, make up, concoct, dream up, trump up, cook up

3. Adroit: زرنگ، زبردست، چالاک،    skillful, skilled, nimble, practiced

4. Gesticulate: با سر و دست اشاره کردن/فهماندن    gesture, wave, signal, wigwag, motion, sign

5. Vigilant: مراقب، هوشیار، حساس، گوش به زنگ    watchful, on your guard, attentive, alert, wary, cautious              ≠ slack

خوب این هم 5 تا کلمه امروز. یه داستان جنایی بخونیم ببینیم این کلمات به چه کار می آیند.

Dr. Jekyll or Mr. Hyde?

Under the pretext of being a surgeon he gained entry to the hospital. When interviewed by the director, he had to fabricate a tale of his medical experience, but he was so adroit at lying that he got away with it. It was not until the phony "doctor" began to gesticulate wildly with his scalpel, that a vigilant nurse was able to detect the fraud. In the annals of medical history there have been a number of such cases.

با کلمات جدید این جاخالیها را پر کنید.

1. The shootings at Columbine High School made educators much more ________,

2. My nephew is quite __________ at making model airplanes.

3. Most fisherman can __________ a story about the size of the one that got away.

4. Her __________ of being tired did not fool us for an instant.

5. I often marvel as I watch the traffic officer __________ at the onrushing cars.

Definitions

Pick the letter of the definition that matches your new word and write it in the answer space.

6. Pretext            ____ a. to lie; to construct

7. Fabricate        ____ b. skillful

8. Adroit            ____ c. an excuse

9. Gesticulate      ____ d. watchful

10. Vigilant        ____ e. move the arms energetically

Today's Idiom

a wet blanket  one who spoils the funآیه یاس، ضد حال،                 

Everyone wanted the party to go on, but Ronnie, the wet blanket, decided to go home to bed.

95-خبر:INFLUENZA

بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم

سلام. واسه اینکه ما هم از غافله عقب نمونیم و همراه با دیگر رسانه های جمعی هول تو دل مردم بنداریم یه مطلب در مورد آنفولانزا جور کردیم که بدین وسیله تقدیم می گردد. امید آنکه حضرت خداوند رحیم و رحمان به معصومیت بچه ها رحم کنند و این شر را از ما کم کنند. الهی

متن در به علت طولانی بودن در چهار قسمت ارائه شده که کلمات هر قسمت جدا مشخص شده و ترجمه شده است.

A) The first flu virus was identified in the 1930s (although the flu has probably existed for centuries). Since then, scientists have classified influenza viruses into 3 types, creatively named
A, B, and C.

  • Influenza Type A is the most common and also the scariest of the three influenzas, causing the most serious epidemics in history.
  • Influenza Type B flu outbreaks also can cause epidemics, but the disease it produces generally is milder than that caused by type A.
  • Influenza Type C flu viruses, on the other hand, have never been connected with a large epidemic, usually just causing mild respiratory infections similar to the common cold.

Identify: شناخته شدن، تشخیص دادن

Scariest:ترسناکترین، خطرناکترین

Epidemics:واگیر، همه گیر

Outbreaks:شیوع، واقعه، فاجعه

Respiratory:تنفسی

Infection:عفونت

B) How You Get the Flu

Remember when mom told you to cover your mouth when you cough? She was right. Flu viruses spread in droplets caused by coughing or sneezing. Basically the virus needs to pass through the air and enter your body through your nose or mouth.

In addition to being in striking distance from that sneezing and coughing coworker, if you’ve touched a contaminated surface like a telephone or a door knob the viruses can pass from your hands to your nose or mouth. And the risk of infection gets even greater in highly populated areas like schools, buses and crowded living conditions. Remember when mom said to wash your hands? Well, mom knew what she was talking about.

Droplet:قطرات ریز

Coughing:سرفه کردن

Sneezing:عطسه کردن

Through:از طریق

Striking distance:فاصله کم، نزدیک

Contaminated:آلوده، کثیف

Door knob:دستگیره در

C) Complications of the Flu

A possible complication of flu is bacterial pneumonia, which can occur in lungs weakened by the flu. Pneumonia can also be caused by the flu virus itself. Complications usually appear after you start feeling better. You may have a brief period of improvement, followed by a sudden onset of the following symptoms:

  • High fever
  • Shaking chills
  • Chest pain with each breath
  • Coughing that produces thick, yellowish-green-colored mucus

Bacterial pneumonia can be a very serious and sometimes life-threatening condition; therefore, if you or a family member experiences any of these symptoms, you should speak to your healthcare provider immediately.

Complication:پیچیدگی، بغرنجی، سختی

Pneumonia:ذات الریه، التهاب ریه

Lung:شش

Weakened:ضعیف شده

Improvement:بهبود

Onset:شروع، آغاز

Symptom:نشانه های بیماری

Fever:تب

Shaking chills:سرما لرزه

Chest pain:درد سینه

Thick: غلیظ

Mucus:خلط

Life-threatening:تهدید کننده، مخاطره آمیز

Immediately:فورا، سریعا

D) Flu Complications in Children and Teens

Reye’s syndrome, a condition that affects the nerves, sometimes develops in children and teenagers who are recovering from the flu. The syndrome often begins in young people after they take aspirin to get rid of fever or pain. Reye’s syndrome begins with nausea and vomiting, and can lead to mental symptoms such as confusion or delirium.

Although very few children develop Reye’s syndrome, you should consult a healthcare provider before giving aspirin or products that contain aspirin to children. Acetaminophen does not seem to be connected with Reye’s syndrome.

Other complications of the flu that can affect children are:

  • Convulsions caused by fever
  • Croup
  • Ear infections

Nerve:  اعصاب             

Develop: ظاهر شدن، بوجود آمدن

Take:مصرف کردن داره، خوردن دارو

Nausea:تهوع

Vomit:استفراغ

Confusion:گیج بودن

Delirium:هذیان، پرت گفتن

Consult:مشورت کردن

Convulsion:تشنج

Croup:تنگی نفس

94- خبر: اصفهان گردی به زبان دیگران 5

بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم

سلام. امروز آخرین بخش خبر اصفهان را خدمتتون می گم. امیدوارم که از این مطلبها خوشتون اومده باشه. گرچه حتی یه دونه نظر هم در رابطه با خوب بودن، مفید بودن،و یا بی فایده بودن این مطالب دریافت نکردم. یا حق

Eşfahān's golden age began in 1598 when Abbas I, shah of Iran, made it the national capital. Under his patronage the city attained the peak of its growth, commercial prosperity, and architectural splendor. According to an unofficial estimate the population then numbered at least 500,000. Invading Afghans captured Eşfahān in 1722, and the seat of the Iranian government was removed to Shīrāz. The Afghans were expelled in 1729, but the city never fully recovered from their occupation.

Patronage:حمایت، پشتیبانی، قیومت

Attained:دست یافتن، نائل شدن

Peak:اوج، قله

Prosperity:موفقیت، شکوفایی، رونق، رفاه

Architectural:معماری

Splendor: شکوه، جلال 

Expel:بیرون راندن، بیرون انداختن 

93- Second Week/ Second Day

NEW WORDS

1. Furtive: دزدکی، پنهانی، یواشکی، مخفیstealthy, secret, sly, sneaky         ≠ open

2. Felon: تبهکار، جانی، آدم بده  criminal, murderer, offender, thief, killer, robber

3. Plethora: ازدیاد، جمعیت کثیر mob, overabundance, murderer, offender, thief, killer, robber

4. Hapless:بیچاره، بدبخت، نگون بخت unfortunate, unlucky, luckless, ill-fated, wretched, miserable, doomed                             ≠ fortunate

5. Irate:خشمگین، غضبناک  angry, unlucky, luckless, ill-fated, wretched, miserable       ≠calm

خوب، حالا که معنی کلمات جدید را بلد شدید این داستان خوشگل را هم بخوانید. با توجه به کلماتی که تا حالا یاد گرفتیم.

If I Had the Wings of an Angel

Casting a furtive glance over his shoulder, the felon slipped out the main prison gate to be swallowed up in the British fog. A plethora of escapes from supposedly secure prisons embarrassed the hapless wardens. To compound their problems, the officials were badgered by irate citizens who accused the guards of accepting bribes from convicts whose motto was: "Stone walls do not a prison make, nor iron bars a cage."

Sample Sentences

Use the new words in the following sentences.

1. The __________ contest winner was unable to locate the lucky ticket.

2. My uncle was __________ when the drunken driver swerved in front of us.

3. In a __________ manner she removed her shoes and tiptoed up to her room.

4. When the teacher asked why the homework had not been done, he was greeted by a __________ of incredible alibis.

5. Since the boss learned that Bob associated with a known __________, he fired him.

Definitions

Match the new words with their meanings.

6. Furtive           ____ a. angry, incensed

7. Felon             ____ b. a person guilty of a major crime

8. Plethora         ____ c. unfortunate

9. Hapless          ____ d. excess

10. Irate             ____ e. secret, stealthy

Today's Idiom

Pyrrhic victory

اسم این یکی پادشاه بوده "پیروس" که یه پادشاه یونانی بوده. این بنده خدا تو یه جنگی پیروز می شه اما تلفات بسیار زیادی متحمل می شه. لذا به پیروزی که به خاطرش صدمات و خسارات بسیاری ببینیم می گویند....

=    A too costly victory (King Pyrrhus defeated the Romans but his losses were extremely heavy)

In heavy fighting the troops managed to recapture the hill, but it could only be considered a Pyrrhic victory.

90- 1100: Second Week / First Day

بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم

سلام. وقت بخیر. حال و احوال؟ چه می کنید با آنفولانزا؟ اونم از نوع خوکی. خوک خودش چیه که آنفولانزاش باشه. خلاصه نکات ایمنی را رعایت کنید در مصرف برق و گاز هم صرفه جویی کنید. در خونه را هم روی هر کسی باز نکنید. با کسب اجازه از دوستان و فامیلهای اصفهانی: یه بار از یه اصفهانی می پرسند از عسل شیرین تر چیزی می شناسی؟ می گه: آره. سرکه مفت."

کتاب 1100 واژه  هفته دوم / روز اول

NEW WORDS

1. Laconic: کم حرف، کوتاه، موجز، مختصر   Terse, brief, concise, curt, to the point, short, economical

2. Throng:گروه، جمعیت، ازدحام  multitude, mass, crowd, horde, swarm, mob, host

3. Intrepid: با جرات، دلیر، شجاع، بی باک، متهور  brave, bold, courageous, valiant, heroic, daring, gallant

4. Accost: مخاطب ساختن، مواجه شدن (با)  approach, confront, detain

5. Reticent:محتاط در سخن، کم گو   discreet, quiet, restrained, unforthcoming, uncommunicative, taciturn, silent, reserved

Sample Sentences

Use the new words in the following sentences:

1. His speech was usually rambling, but this time I found it brief and __________.

2. If a surly panhandler should __________ you, keep on walking.

3. Even under repeated questioning, the witness remained __________.

4. A howling __________ of teenage girls surrounded the rap artists.

5. The corporal received the Silver Star for his __________ deeds in combat.

Definitions

Match the new words with their dictionary meanings.

6. Laconic               a. expressing much in few words

7. Throng                b. brave

8. Intrepid               c. to approach and speak to

9. Accost                d. crowd

10. Reticent            e. silent

Today's Idiom

The sword of Damocles:

می شه خطر قریب الوقوع، اگر به معنی انگلیسی دقت کنید نوشته یه پادشاهی به اسم جناب دموکلس واسه اینکه به یکی از شوالیه هاش نشون بده چقدر کار شاهی سخته و چه خطراتی ممکنه براش باشه شوالیه بدبخت نگون بخت بخت برگشته را می شونه زیر یه شمشیری که به یه مو بند بوده.   

Any imminent danger (a king seated one of his subjects underneath a sword that was hanging by a hair, in order to teach him the dangers a king faces).

--Although the president of the company seemed quite secure, he always complained that there was a sword of Damocles hanging over his head.

 
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